Miscanthus is a perennial rhizomatous grass that originated in the tropics and subtropics, although different species are found throughout a wide climatic range. In general, Miscanthus are grown from rhizomes under greenhouse conditions and subsequently transplanted into the field. To manage plants well, it is important to have uniform germination. However, the impact of rhizome size on the germination rate of Miscanthus species has not been thoroughly studied. The impact of rhizome size on germination rate and germination days was therefore investigated in three Miscanthus species (M. sinensis, M. sacchariflorus, and M. x giganteus). There was no considerable variation in germination days between the three Miscanthus species studied. However, the germination rate varied depending on rhizome size. Rhizome size does not affect the germination rate of M. sacchariflorus; thus, small rhizomes can be used for planting. The results of this study suggest the use of 15－20 g of rhizomes for M. giganteus and M. sinensis to ensure a 100% rate of germination.
- Anderson, E., Arundale, R., Maughan, M., Oladeinde, A., Wycislo, A., Voigt, T. (2011) Growth and agronomy of Miscanthus x giganteus for biomass production. Biofuels 2:71-87.10.4155/bfs.10.80
- Clifton-Brown, J. C., Stampfl, P. F., Jones, M. B. (2004) Miscanthus biomass production for energy in Europe and its potential contribution to decreasing fossil fuel carbon emissions. Global Change Biol 10:509-518.10.1111/j.1529-8817.2003.00749.x
- Lewandowski, I., Clifton-Brown, J. C., Scurlock, J. M. O., Huisman, W. (2000) Miscanthus: European experience with a novel energy crop. Biomass Bioenerg. 19:209-227.10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00032-5
- Mutoh, N., Kimura, M., Oshima, Y., Iwaki, H. (1985) Special diversity and primary productivity in Miscanthus sinensis grasslands. I. Diversity in relation to stand and dominance. Bot Mag 98:159-170.10.1007/BF02488795
- Numata, M. (1974) Ed. Grassland vegetation. The ora and vegetation of Japan. p. 125. Elsevier, Tokyo.
- Perlack, R. D., Wright, L. L., Turhollow, A. F., Graham, R. L., Stokes, B. J., Erbach, D. C. (2005) Biomass as feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry: the technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply. US Department of Energy and US Department of Agriculture, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN, USA.
- Xue, S., Kalinina, O., Lewandowski, I. (2015) Present and future options for Miscanthus propagation and establishment. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 49:1233-1246.10.1016/j.rser.2015.04.168
- Journal Title :Journal of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences
- Volume : 30
- No :2
- Pages :78-82
- Received Date :2018. 05. 18
- Accepted Date : 2018. 06. 24